G. C. Murphy
|Industry||5&10 Variety Stores|
|Founder||George Clinton Murphy|
|Fate||Acquired by Ames, later McCrory|
Number of locations
|Subsidiaries||Bargain World, Terry and Ferris, Bruners, Cobbs|
G.C. Murphy was a chain of five and dime or variety stores in the United States from 1906 to 2002. They also operated Murphy's Mart (full scale discount stores), Bargain World (closeout merchandise), Terry & Ferris and Bruners (junior department stores), and Cobbs (specialty apparel) stores.
In April 1985, the company was acquired by Ames Department Stores Inc. Ames converted many of the larger "Murphy's Mart" stores, and in 1989, sold the variety store division to former competitor McCrory Stores.
Origins of chain
The chain was founded in 1906 in the Pittsburgh suburb of McKeesport, Pennsylvania, by George Clinton Murphy. Murphy had gotten his start in retail as a manager of a McCrory's store in 1896. Murphy later moved to Detroit, Michigan, to manage several stores there, and then returned to the Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, area to launch his own stores. His namesake chain was founded in 1906. It was one of several large retailers to originate in Pennsylvania.
Murphy died in April 1909, three years after the launch of the chain.:13 Two former McCrory's executives, John Sephus Mack and Walter C. Shaw, bought the G.C. Murphy chain, which was at the time about 12 stores, that same year. The chain quickly expanded both through new stores and purchase of competitors, growing to 173 stores by 1932.
Murphy's expanded cautiously during the 1920s, letting it cope with the Great Depression better than other retailing chains::47 Sales in 1930 were reported to have risen about 9% ($17 million). By 1932, however sales had dropped 3.7%. The retailing company never let go of their employees during this time, although they did have to get rid of over time pay and dock employees for absences.:49–51
Overview of features
Murphy's stores became popular in part because of their locations; many locations were in small and medium-sized towns that had previously been served only by stores owned by whatever mining company was based there. The lunch counters in the stores were a popular destination for quick and inexpensive meals (prior to the rise of the fast food chain). Murphy's stores were designed in house and to a high standard, led by architects like Harold Ellsworth Crosby.
Growth and expansion
G.C. Murphy expanded through the 1950s with the acquisition of 91 Morris stores in the Midwest, and 92 Morgan & Lindsey stores in the south and southwest. The chain also began testing larger locations at this time, opening a large location at Cermak Plaza in Berwyn, Illinois in 1957. In 1970, it opened its first large scale store, branded as "Murphy's Mart" in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The stores were similar in size and concept to Kmart, and were often located in suburbs. By 1980, they had grown to 448 stores.
Changes and suspension of business
In April 1985, the company was acquired by Ames Department Stores Inc. for $48 per share. Ames rebranded many of the larger "Murphy's Mart" stores. In 1989, Ames sold the G. C. Murphy and Bargain World divisions to E-II Holdings, parent of McCrory's, in order to help offset debt incurred during their recent acquisition of Zayre. The McCrory's chain filed for bankruptcy in 1992, closed many of their stores (including former G.C. Murphy's outlets) in 1997, and ceased its remaining operations in 2002.
Although the stores ceased business operations some time ago, the chain's foundation, the G.C. Murphy Foundation, is still in existence. Retirees and former employees of the stores have a volunteer organization that allows them to keep in touch.
In 2005, the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette reported that the Murphy Foundation had commissioned a writer to compile the G.C. Murphy Company's history. That history, titled For the Love of Murphy's: The Behind-the-Counter Story of a Great American Retailer, by Jason Togyer, was published in 2008 by Pennsylvania State University Press.
- "History of G. C. Murphy Company". Historic Pittsburgh. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
- "G.C. Murphy Memories". GCMurphy.org. 2004. Retrieved February 8, 2013.
- Togyer, Jason (2008). For the Love of Murphy's. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press. ISBN 978-0-271-03370-9.
- United States Department of Commerce Survey of Current Business, January 1932. US Department of Commerce. 1932. p. 26.
- "Expect Ground-Breakingi Soon For Cermak Plaza; , Some Tenants Are Named". Berwyn Life. 10 January 1954. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
- "G. C. Murphy In 'Mart' Plan". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 18 July 1969. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
- "G.C. Murphy Co., in a joint announcement with Ames..." UPI. 23 April 1985. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
- "G. C. Murphy stores sold to McCrory's parent firm". The Gettysburg Times. 8 August 1989. Retrieved 1 February 2020.
- "G.C. Murphy Co. History - G.C. Murphy Co. Foundation". www.gcmurphy.org.
- "G.C. Murphy's now a matter of memories". www.post-gazette.com.
- "For the Love of Murphy's: The Behind-the-Counter Story of a Great American Retailer By Jason Togyer". www.psupress.org.