|Cause of death||drowning|
|Occupation||Vizier and High priest|
|Known for||The vizier of the Pharaoh at the time of prophet Moses|
Haman (Arabic: هامان, romanized: Hāmān) was the grand vizier and high priest of the pharaoh, and associated with him in his court at the time of the Israelite prophet, Moses as recollected in the Qur'an. The high priest is not to be confused with Haman the main antagonist in the Book of Esther, which takes place hundreds of years later in Persia.
The name Haman appears six times throughout the Qur'an, four times with Pharaoh and twice by himself, where God sends Moses to invite Pharaoh, Haman and their people to monotheism, and to seek protection of the Israelites Haman and Pharaoh were tormenting.
Indeed, Pharaoh arrogantly elevated himself in the land and divided its people into subservient groups, one of which he persecuted, slaughtering their sons and keeping their women. He was truly one of the corruptors. But it was Our Will to favor those who were oppressed in the land, making them models of faith as well as successors;and to establish them in the land; and through them show Pharaoh, Hamân, and their soldiers the fulfillment of what they feared.— Quran 28:4-6
Referring to Moses as a sorcerer and a liar the Pharaoh rejected Moses' call to worship the God of Moses and refused to set the children of Israel free. The Pharaoh commissioned Haman to build a tall tower using fire-cast bricks so that the Pharaoh could climb far up and see the God of Moses. The Pharaoh, Haman, and their army in chariots pursuing the fleeing children of Israel drowned in the Red Sea as the parted water closed up on them. The Pharaoh's submission to God at the moment of death and total destruction was rejected but his dead body was saved as a lesson for posterity and he was mummified.
Quran says in Surah younus Ch.10 V.90-92:
90: We brought the Children of Israel across the sea. Then Pharaoh and his soldiers pursued them unjustly and oppressively. But as Pharaoh was drowning, he cried out, “I believe that there is no god except that in whom the Children of Israel believe, and I am ˹now˺ one of those who submit.”
91: ˹He was told,˺ “Now ˹you believe˺? But you always disobeyed and were one of the corruptors.
92: Today We will preserve your corpse so that you may become an example for those who come after you. And surely most people are heedless of Our examples!”
High Priest of Amun
Some have proposed that the name Haman, like Pharaoh in the Qur'an and Old Testament is not a proper name, but a title. The description of Haman in the Qur'an serving in both a priestly religious role and that of one who's in charge of building projects answerable to the Pharaoh himself draws parallels with the High Priest of Amun. 
McAuliffe's Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān among other sources relates "Haman" to be the Arabized form of "Ha-Amana," a title which roughly translates to incarnate of (the God) Amun or King of Amun and was utilized by the high priest.
- A-Z of Prophets in Islam and Judaism, Wheeler, Haman
- , Qur'an 28:6, 28:8, 28:38, 29:39, 40:24, 40:36.
- "Surah Al-Qasas - 1-88".
- "Quran, Surah 10:92, note: the phrases 'we will save you' (nunajjīka نُنَجِّيكَ) & 'that you may be' (litakūna لِتَكُونَ) are all written (addressed to) in the second person singular, thus grammatically speaking there is one person addressed, namely Pharaoh, as evident in the preceding verses (Surah 10:90-91)".
So today We will save you in body that you may be to those who succeed you a sign. And indeed, many among the people, of Our signs, are heedless.
- S. Mohammad Syed "Historicity of Haman as Mentioned in the Qur'an" (Islamic Quarterly, 1980, Volume XXIV, pp. 48-59)
- Pharaoh, Haman and Korah in the Quran http://globaltab.net/Articles/ArticleDetail/10123
- A. H. Jones, "Hāmān", in J. D. McAuliffe (Ed.), Encyclopaedia Of The Qur'an, 2002, Volume II, op. cit., p. 399.