Clément Charles François de Laverdy
King Louis XV named him Controller-General of Finances in December 1763, but the tasks at hand seemed to surpass Laverdy's financial abilities. Three months after his nomination, he forbade the publishing of any material concerning his administration, thus refusing both advice and criticism. Two edicts in 1764 and '65 enacted the Laverdy Reforms, remaking civic government throughout France and—inter alia—reducing the power of the royal intendants. They were, however, specially excluded from application in Languedoc through a dispensation secured by the Parliament of Toulouse.
Laverdy used all means, sometimes illicit ones, to replenish the treasury, and was even accused of having himself profited from the commerce in wheat. A court intrigue led to his sudden dismissal on 1 October 1768. From that moment on, he lived in retirement until, during the French Revolution, he was involved in the charges against the financiers of the Ancien Régime. The Revolutionary Tribunal sentenced him to death, and he was guillotined in 1793.
- Schneider, Robert Alan (1992), "Crown and Capitoulat: Municipal Government in Toulouse", in Benedict, Philip (ed.), Cities and Social Change in Early Modern France, Abingdon: Routledge, first published 1989 by Unwin Hyman, pp. 195–220, ISBN 9781134892198